Low-down - Did You Know
Fun Facts About The Masters
Think you know everything about Augusta National and the Masters? Think Again
- The Masters in known as the most beautiful course in the world. Did you know that the color of the drink napkins for patrons perfectly matches the grass - so if you drop your napkin it will not show on TV?
- Bob Jones and Clifford Roberts organized the first event, later named the Masters Tournament, at Augusta National in 1934.
- The Masters Tournament was called the "Augusta National Invitational" for the first five years (1934-1938).
- The first tournament was held March, 22 1934. Since 1940 however, the Masters was scheduled for the first full week in April each year.
- Horton Smith won the first tournament in 1934.
- Jack Nicklaus has the most Masters Tournament wins, with six.
- Jack Nicklaus became the oldest player to win a Masters Tournament, at 46 years, 2 months and 23 days - in 1986.
- Tiger Woods was the youngest player to win a Masters Tournament, at 21 years, 3 months and 14 days - in 1997.
- In 1949, the first Green Jacket was awarded to that year's Masters champion, Sam Snead.
- Amen Corner refers to holes No. 11, 12 and 13. In 1958, a Sports Illustrated writer, Herbert Warren Wind, named the second half of hole No. 11, hole No. 12 and the first half of hole No. 13 Amen Corner. This is where the critical action took place that year. He borrowed the name from an old jazz recording called "Shouting at Amen Corner."
- Rae's Creek was named after John Rae. The creek runs in front of the No. 12 green, has a tributary at the No. 13 tee, and passes by the back of the No. 11 green. Rae's house kept residents safe during Indian attacks. It was the furthest fortress up the Savannah River from Fort Augusta.
- The pine tree is the most abundant tree at Augusta. Several species grow along the course, including: Loblolly Pines, Shortleaf Pines, Slash Pines, Longleaf Pines, Eastern White Pines.
- "The big oak tree" on the golf course side of the Clubhouse is about 145-150 years old. This live oak tree was planted in the 1850's.
- Magnolia Lane extends from the entrance gate to the clubhouse. The 61 large magnolia trees that line both sides of the 330-yard road date to the late 1850s.
- Founders Circle is at the base of the flagpole in front of the clubhouse. Two plaques there honor the Masters' founders: Bob Jones and Clifford Roberts.
- There are three dedicated bridges at Augusta National: the Sarazen Bridge at hole No. 15 -- to honor Gene Sarazen's double eagle there during the 1935 Masters, the Hogan Bridge at the No. 12 green -- to honor Ben Hogan's then record score of 274 in 1953, and the Nelson Bridge at the No. 13 tee -- to honor Byron Nelson's performance on holes No. 12 and 13 when he won the 1937 Masters.
- The Crow's Nest provides housing for amateurs during the Masters Tournament. It has room for up to five players.
- The Champions Dinner is for members of the Masters Club, those who have won a Masters Tournament, and is hosted by the defending champion on Tuesday of Masters week.
- Ike's Pond is named after General Eisenhower. The three-acre Pond is manmade, has a dam and is fed by a spring.
- The Par 3 Fountain is next to the No. 1 tee on the Par 3 course. This Fountain has a list of Par 3 contest winners, starting with Sam Snead's win in 1960.
- The Record Fountain was built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Masters. It is located left of the No. 17 tee and displays course records and Masters Tournament winners.
- The 10 Augusta National Golf Club Cabins are located on the grounds of Augusta National and provide lodging for members and their guests. One of the cabins is named the Eisenhower Cabin because the Club built it for President and Mrs. Eisenhower for their visits to Augusta National.
- The tournament was not played during the years 1943, 1944 and 1945 because of World War II. To help with the war effort, turkey and cattle were raised on the Augusta National Grounds.
- No amateur has ever won the Masters.
- No one has ever won the par three tournament and the Masters Tournament in the same year.
- You cannot apply for membership. You can only be invited.
- The first African-American member was admitted in 1990.
- Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus and former amateur standout and now Senior PGA Tour player John Harris are the only pro golfers who are members.
- Avid golfer Dwight (Ike) Eisenhower is the only U.S. president to have been a club member. Ike's Pond occupies 3 acres near hole No. 9 on the par-3 course, a nine-hole layout that is the site of the traditional Par 3 Contest on Wednesday of Masters week.
- The club was conceived by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts. Their vision was to establish a national membership for the club. They took a $70,000 option on a 365-acre property called Fruitland Nurseries in Augusta, Ga. Jones and Alistair Mackenzie of Scotland designed the course. Construction began in 1931. The course opened in 1932 with limited play. Formal opening was January 1933.
- The club is open from mid-October to late May.
- Each hole is named after a plant or shrub. For example, No. 3 is called "Flowering Crab Apple."
- The tradition of members wearing green jackets began in 1937, when jackets were purchased from New York's Brooks Uniform Co. The idea was that Masters patrons easily could see members who would have accurate information.
- The Crow's Nest is a 30-by-40-foot room atop the clubhouse available as living quarters for as many as five amateurs during The Masters.
- Chairmen: Billy Payne, May 21, 2006-present; William (Hootie) Johnson, 1998-May 2006; Jack Stephens, 1991-98; Hord Hardin, 1980-91; William Lane, 1976-80; Clifford Roberts, 1934-76. Billy Payne began his tenure as the club's sixth chairman May 21, 2006.
- A Jack Nicklaus plaque, honoring the six-time Masters champion, is affixed to a drinking fountain between holes 16 and 17. An Arnold Palmer plaque, commemorating the play and contributions of the four-time Masters winner, is affixed to a drinking fountain behind the No. 16 tee.
Golf Course Facts
The World's Longest Golf Course is the International Golf Club in Massachusetts, a long par 77, 8325-yards, from the tiger tees.
The World's Highest Golf Course is the Tactu Golf Club in Morococha, Peru, which sits 14,335 feet above sea level at its lowest point.
The Longest Hole in the World is the 7th hole (par 7) of the Sano Course at the Satsuki Golf Club in Japan. It measures a long 909 yards.
The World's Largest Bunker is Hell's Half Acre on the 585-yard 7th hole of the Pine Valley Course in New Jersey.
The World's Largest Green is that of the 695-yard, 5th hole, a par 6 at the International Golf Club in Massachusetts, with an area in excess of 28,000 square feet.
The Lowest Recorded Score on a long course in the UK is 58 by Harry Weetman, the British Ryder Cub golfer, for the 6170-yard Croham Hurst Course in Croydon, Surrey, on January 30, 1956.
The Lowest Recorded Score in the world is a 57 shot by Wayne Meyers of Easley, S.C. back in 1994 at Southern Oaks golf course in Powdersville, South Carolina in the USA.
The Lowest Recorded Score by a Woman in a professional tournament on an 18-hole course of more than 6,000 yards was a 62, first recorded by Mickey Wright on the Par 71, 6,286 yard Hogan Park Course at Midland, Texas, in November 1964. The score was equaled by Laura Davies in the 1991 Rail Charity Classic.
A Score of 59 The first professional to record a 59 on the US Pro Tour was Al Geiberger on June 10, 1977, in the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at the Colonial Country Club. It included 11 birdies and an eagle and just 23 putts. The score was eventually equaled by Chip Beck, and more recently David Duval.
The Record for 36 Holes is 122 by Sam Snead in the 1959 Sam Snead Festival on May 16-17, 1959.
The Most Holes-In-One in a year is 28 by Scott Palmer in 1983. All were on par 3 and par 4 holes between 130 yards and 350 yards in length at Balboa Park in san Diego, California.
The Most Holes-In-One in a career is 68 by Harry Lee Bonner from 1967 to 1985, most of them at his 9-hole home course of Las Gallinas, San Rafael, California.
The Longest Hole-In-One ever recorded is the 10th (447 yards) at Miracle Hills Golf Club at Omaha, Nebraska, by Robert Mitera on October 7, 1965. A 50mph gust carried his shot over a 290-yard drop-off.
Drive of 2,640 Yards across ice was achieved by an Australian meteorologist named Nils Lied at Mawson Base, Antartica, in 1962.
The Longest Recorded Drive on an ordinary course is one of 515 yards by Michael Hoke Austin of Los Angeles, California, in the US National Seniors Open Championship at Las Vegas, Nevada on September 25, 1974. Austin drove the ball within a yard of the green on the par 4 450-yard 5th hole of Winterwood Course. It rolled 65 yards past the flag aided by an estimated 35mph tailwind.
On the Runway at Baldonnel Military Airport in Dublin, Liam Higgins drove a Spalding Top Flite ball 634.1 yards on September 25, 1984.
The Longest Holed Putts in a major tournament were both 110 feet - Jack Nicklaus in the 1964 Tournament of Champions and Nick Price in the 1992 PGA.
Robert Tyre "Bobby" Jones, Jr. was reputed to have holed a putt in excess of 100 feet at the 5th green in the first round of the 1927 Open at St. Andrews.
A Putt Measured at 140 feet and 2 3/4 inches on the 18th at St. Andrews was sunk by Bob Cook in the International Fourball Pro Am Tournament on October 1, 1976.
The Greatest Margin of Victory in a major tournament is 21 strokes by Jerry Pate in the Colombian Open with 262 on December 10-13, 1981. Cecil Leitch won the Canadian Ladies Open Championship in 1921 by the biggest margin for a major title - 17 up and 15 to play.
Floyd Satterlee Rood used the United States as a golf course, when he played from the Pacific to the Atlantic from September 14, 1963, to October 3, 1964, in 114,737 strokes. He lost 3,511 balls on the 3,397.7 mile trail.
The Greatest Number of Rounds played on foot in 24 hours is 22 and five holes - a total of 401 holes - by Ian Colston, aged 35, at Bendigo Golf Club in Victoria (a par 73 6,6061-yard course) on November 27028, 1971.
Seventy-Seven Players completed the 18-hole 6,502-yard Kern City Course in California in 10 minutes, 30 seconds, on August 24, 1984, using one ball. Score - 80!
The Lowest Recorded Score for throwing a golf ball around 18 holes (more than 6,000 yards) is 82 by Joe Flynn, ages 21, at the 6,228-yard Port Royal Course in Bermuda on March 27, 1975.
The World One-Club Championship was won by Thad Daber using a 6-iron at the 6,037-yard Lochmore Golf Course in Cary, North Carolina with a 73 on November 10th, 1985.
The Longest Delayed Result in any national open championship occurred in the 1931 US Open at Toledo, Ohio. George von Elme and Billy Burke tied at 292, then tied the first replay at 149. Burke won the second replay by a single stroke after 72 extra holes.
A Record 321,779 Competitors - 206,820 men and 114,959 women - played the 1984 Volkswagen Grand Prix Open Amateur Championship in the UK.
The Slowest Strokeplay Tournament round was one of 6 hours 45 minutes taken by South Africa in the first round of the 1972 World Cup at the Royal Melbourne Golf Club in Australia. This was a four-ball medal round, everything holed out.
Steven Ward Took 222 Strokes for the 6,212-yard Pecos Course in Reeves County, Texas, on June 18,1976 - but he was only 3 years and 286 days old.
Jacqueline Ann Mercer won her first South African title at Humewood Golf Club in Port Elizabeth in 1948 and her fourth in Port Elizabeth Golf club on May 4, 1979, 31 years later.
Fact or Fiction
Flex Ratings Are All The Same
True or Not true. Why does an ’S’ shaft from one manufacturer feel so different to that of another? Each shaft company has their own designs for shafts. They grade their shafts in accordance to their own flex ratings so an ’S’ shaft from one company could in fact be an ’R’ or ’X’ from another. Even within a company different ranges of shaft designs will show different flex readings. It is very hard to compare apples to apples without a Frequency Analyser. Table 1 below shows the results of three different manufacturers ’R’ flex’s tested as raw full length 40" shafts.
Two of the companies manufacture two ’R’ shaft designs however I have not indicated which these are or what materials the shafts were made of. The pairs from within the same company were both either steel to steel or graphite to graphite.
Raw Shaft Flex in Cycles Per Minute
40" Raw Shaft CPM
The Higher A Golf Ball Bounces, The Further It Will Fly
True or Not true. Have you ever been in a golf shop and noticed a fellow customer bouncing a golf ball on a hard surface, judging which brand bounced higher and basing their purchase decision on that test? Possibly, as it happens often. The compression stress placed on a golf ball, even when bounced on a hard surface, is minimal compared to stress placed on the ball when it is being hit by a clubhead at speed. 800-1000kgs of crush versus gravity’s pull. Different types of ball construction (Fig. 1), two-piece, three-piece, wound balls, number of cores and construction materials will all have an influence on how a ball will fly.
The only way to find the best ball for your game is to try a variety out at the driving range or on the golf course. Or better yet, find a launch monitor and experiment with a variety of golf balls until you discover the correct one for your swing and club.
The Lines On The Putter Are The Sweet Spot
Not necessarily true. If a manufacturer has put sightlines on the top of a putter then they have to line up with the sweet spot. Well they should do, however each clubhead is built with mass quality tolerance levels so these sightlines may not always correspond with the sweet spot.
To find the sweet spot hold your club between two fingers up high in front of you and tap the clubface with a pencil on the toe or heel of the club (Fig. 2). It will twist around. Keep tapping toward the middle of the clubface until the clubface stops twisting and moves only back and forth rather than to the side. Your last point of contact is your sweet spot and should be marked as such.
Face Grooves Create Backspin
This one is common and one of the great myths of golf. The backspin is created by the balls compression on the clubface. This occurs between the time of impact and the moment of separation from the clubface. The clubs swing path and type of head rotation sees the ball mashed into the clubface. The loft presented to the ball distorts it in shape and gives us the launch angle and all of its backspin. The ball does not actually ever ride up the clubface, instead it gets imbedded in the face where the groove lines reside. High-speed photography has proved this. The more loft the greater the backspin.
Therefore, the grooves have zero influence on the launch angle or backspin on the ball. Well known club designer Ralph Maltby built a set of irons with no face groves at all and played with them extensively to prove this point to disbelievers.
Also, in the mid 1980’s the USGA undertook extensive groove type testing and concluded that in dry conditions it was loft, not grooves that put backspin on the ball.
So what good are grooves then? Rather like car tyres which work perfectly in the dry, we need them to work in the wet as well. Clubfaces without grooves work fine in dry conditions but with water and grass in the way, the grooves allow some of the trapped materials to be moved from the collision zone. Without groves you may get a high flyer with less spin and in this instance the ball does in fact run up the face – it actually skids up the face on the lubricating water and/or grass.
5 Irons Have The Most Backspin
This is an old wives tale. Following on from the face grooves myth above it is pretty obvious that the more loft we have on a club the higher the backspin rate will be.
Topspin Creates More Ball Roll
“I hit that drive with a lot of topspin. Look at it roll way out there”. To get the ball airborne we have to hit it with backspin. The backspin creates the lift the ball requires to stay up there. If we did hit a ball with topspin it would just knuckle ball into the ground. These days with the advent of launch monitors we see players trying to optimize the backspin on the balls being played so that they can improve length off the tee.
The perceived topspin is actually a ball that has been hit with a counter-clockwise turning clubhead through the impact to separation zone, a draw spin. In this case the ball has been presented a clubface that has a little less loft shown than a shot where the clubface has been left open and opening further, a clockwise increase in backspin if you like, a high slice.
Forged Irons Feel Softer Than Cast Irons
Many players think a forged club feels sweeter to play than an investment cast head. Indeed at an atomic level the grains in a forged club are a little farther apart in comparison to an investment cast iron. But in a blindfold test hardly anyone can tell the difference. It is probably more a case of most forged clubs look really good and this mental image adds to the mystique of the real feel.
Golf Shafts Lose Their Stiffness
Many people surmise that if you keep using your clubs over a long period of time the shafts will ’wear out’ and lose some of their stiffness and become weaker. This is not the case at all, even with steel shafts. The reason for this is that the loads put on the shafts never get anywhere near the break straining points which would be required to cause metal fatigue in steel. If you have kinked a shaft or there is rust present then this is a different matter but a good quality shaft, whether steel or graphite, will keep its flex.
7 Woods Are For Women & Seniors
Whilst in the US last year I walked by up to 200 golf bags a day on the driving range and I was actually surprised at how this old view just does not exist over there in comparison to Australia and the UK. A 7 wood flies higher and lands softer than a 3 iron for players with slower swing speeds. Many slower swingers cannot hit their 3 iron any farther than their 4 iron as the backspin they place on the ball is not high enough to keep it airborne. Learn to use a 4 iron from under a bush and the 7 wood becomes one of your best friends on course.
The History of Golf
No one knows the precise origins of the game of golf. Some think it really began in medieval times, with shepherds hitting pebbles around the hillsides with their crooks.
Another suggestion is that the game derived from the ancient Flemish pastime of chole, which was already known about and played in England by the mid-14th century.
Perhaps the most likely forerunner was the Dutch game of kolf, documented as early as the end of the 13th century and portrayed in many Dutch landscape paintings by the 16th century. "Golfers" certainly played cross-country with a stick and ball, not into a hole but to certain landmarks, usually doors on specific buildings.
It was in Scotland, however that the game really developed. Up and down the east coast, it apparently became so popular a pastime that in 1457 King James II, in an Act of Parliament, banned golf - and soccer too - because they were interfering with archery practice. Skill with the bow and arrow was crucial to keeping the English out of Scotland. The game remained uniquely - perhaps with its Dutch counterpart of kolf - until James VI of Scotland also became King of England and took the game south with him. At Blackheath in South London, the Scottish noblemen laid out a seven-hole course so they could continue playing their beloved game.
The early courses in Scotland bore little resemblance to those of today. The game was played over public land - as in places it still is - with natural hazards and obstacles to negotiate Not only were walls and ditches part of the game, but players often had to thread their way through others out enjoying their various recreations - horse racing, cricket, picnicking and so on.
Caddies were hired by the golfers, not just to carry the clubs - golf bags were not invented until around 1870 - but to help make a way through the other activities on the links and presumably to watch out for the ball.
Courses were natural, manicured only by sheep and rabbits. There were no formal tees as such; players simply teed up a few feet from the previous hole.
Rules, of course, developed over the years, and golf clubs were formed. The oldest of these, the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers - now based at Muirfield - was founded in 1744, while ten years later the Society of St. Andrews' Golfers was created.
The rules of various clubs and courses were standardized, following St. Andrews' lead in using 18 holes. Before 1764, the course at St. Andrews consisted of 22 holes, others had as few as 6 and as many as 25. But by 1858 it had been agreed. the Society of St. Andrews Golfers, having become the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews in 1834 now ruled that a round of golf should be 18 holes. And so it has remained.
The game developed rapidly and began to be played professionally in the mid-1800's. Allan Robertson, the first great professional golfer, died in 1858. Some say that his death prompted the first professional championship at Prestwick in 1860 to find a new national champion. This competition was opened to amateurs in 1861 to become the first Open Championship. In 1863 it attracted prize money for the winner of just 10 pounds. And from there, the game of golf developed to the game we now know today.
One Less Excuse
Humid Air Won't Slow Your Ball Down
Worried that humidity hampers ball flight? Think that the ball has a harder time pushing its way through dense air? If so, you're all wet. Hot humid air actually is lighter than cold, dry air. And water vapor is lighter than dry air, so on a humid day the air is actually less dense, providing less resistance. That means a golf ball will fly farther on a humid day - but not enough that you'll notice a difference. Our conclusion: Don't sweat it.
Dog Days of Summer
In ancient times, when the night sky was unobscured by artificial lights and smog, different groups of peoples in different parts of the world drew images in the sky by “connecting the dots” of stars. The images drawn were dependent upon the culture: The Chinese saw different images than the Native Americans, who saw different pictures than the Europeans. These star pictures are now called constellations, and the constellations that are now mapped out in the sky come from our European ancestors.
They saw images of bears, (Ursa Major and Ursa Minor), twins, (Gemini), a bull, (Taurus), and others, including dogs, (Canis Major and Canis Minor).
The brightest of the stars in Canis Major (the big dog) is Sirius, which also happens to be the brightest star in the night sky. In fact, it is so bright that the ancient Romans thought that the earth received heat from it. Look for it in the southern sky (viewed from northern latitudes) during January.
In the summer, however, Sirius, the “dog star,” rises and sets with the sun. During late July Sirius is in conjunction with the sun, and the ancients believed that its heat added to the heat of the sun, creating a stretch of hot and sultry weather. They named this period of time, from 20 days before the conjunction to 20 days after, “dog days” after the dog star.
The conjunction of Sirius with the sun varies somewhat with latitude. And the “precession of the equinoxes” (a gradual drifting of the constellations over time) means that the constellations today are not in exactly the same place in the sky as they were in ancient Rome. Today, dog days occur during the period between July 3 and August 11. Although it is certainly the warmest period of the summer, the heat is not due to the added radiation from a far-away star, regardless of its brightness. No, the heat of summer is a direct result of the earth's tilt.
Is 42 The Perfect Age to Play Golf?
I recently received an article from a friend of mine about the perfect age of golfers. She was quite upset as the age was mentioned as 42 and being that she was 83 and still playing golf she thought the perfect age would be 83 as long as you are still playing 18 holes 3-4 times a week. :-)
As Joan’s article states that many football or hockey players may burn out in their late twenties, or early 30’s but good old golfers have a much longer shelf life. According to their research and expert opinion by the Quinn Insurance Company, that the best age for men and women to play golf is age 42.
They say that for you to perfect your swing and with experience, stamina, confidence on the course, patience and technically should put them in the front of their game. Research recently shows that 42 is the average ideal age for precision and accuracy on the course. It seems they check with over 200 of the world’s top golfers on their average score over 18 holes and that the 40-45 age group topped the list leaving the 20-25 years old behind.
This test was done by sports physiotherapist, Cornel Driessen who works with the top European Tour golfers. It is quoted as saying many might be looking to Tiger Woods as top physical condition for golf. They state that there is an ideal golf specimen within each and every one of us playing this game, so mater what level, gender or age.
Driessen believes that peak golfing performance is down to physical conditioning and training the body and mind to perform. If we keep practicing and gaining the edge our body will respond which means a great deal of practice to make us successful. If we are to compete with the younger ones our game has to be in top performance. Mr. Dreissen explains that for those he works with to stay at high standard of physical conditioning program has to be tailored to their body’s individual needs throughout the years.
Lee Westwood was mentioned in this article as he hit the headlines here in America when he enjoyed his best performance at a major in the US Open. I remember watching him in the open and thought how much he improved himself as he has slimmed down and his game was in top form. Lee Westwood remarked that all this work he was doing now in 2008 will help him say in 2018 when he will be only 44 years old.
Another golfer was mentioned Nigel Ellis when he said that his performance on the golf course has improved massively with age, as he has cut his handicap down from 28 to 18. He believes that older players are more relaxed and patient on the course and all that practice sure is paying off as you get older.
I found this article very interesting as all it proves that the more you practice the better your golf game will become. I can’t say that I have lowered my handicap much, nor has Joan as she states she was scoring in the 90’s when she was at age 45 and is still scoring in the 90’s at age 83. However, she says she does practice a lot before each time she plays 18 holes. She claims to have had many golfing lessons throughout her 50 years of playing golf. Some days my game is better than others she said and I think the mental game has a lot to do with that she claims. Outside distractions can cause any golfer to lose that edge. Slow play bothers me the most as some players are never ready when it is their time to hit the ball. Some stand over their putt for longer than is necessary and when we are playing in 90 degree heat with the sun bearing down on those hot greens it gets to me. We have some players who are oblivious as to what is going on around them never pay attention to where everybody has hit the ball. I try to keep my cool as it is all part of the game.
Your age should not have anything to do with your game unless you have not taken care of yourself as you aged. Eating right, exercising and keep yourself mentally alert should go with you into old age. I know many of our golfers have aches and pains, some have diabetes, heart problems and corrective knee surgery but they are still out there because the love of the game of golf. Age is just a number and with golf you can play at almosy any number you like.
Labour Day or Labor Day is an annual holiday to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. Labour Day has its origins in the labour union movement, specifically the eight-hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.
Labour Day has been celebrated on the first Monday in September in Canada since the 1880s. The origins of Labour Day in Canada can be traced back to April 14, 1872 when a parade was staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's strike for a 58-hour work-week. The Toronto Trades Assembly (TTA) called its 27 unions to demonstrate in support of the Typographical Union who had been on strike since March 25. George Brown, Canadian politician and editor of the Toronto Globe hit back at his striking employees, pressing police to charge the Typographical Union with "conspiracy." Although the laws criminalising union activity were outdated and had already been abolished in Great Britain, they were still on books in Canada and police arrested 24 leaders of the Typographical Union. Labour leaders decided to call another similar demonstration on September 3 to protest the arrests. Seven unions marched in Ottawa, prompting a promise by Canadian Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald to repeal the "barbarous" anti-union laws. Parliament passed the Trade Union Act on June 14 the following year, and soon all unions were demanding a 54-hour work-week.
The Toronto Trades and Labour Council (successor to the TTA) held similar celebrations every spring. American Peter J. McGuire, co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was asked to speak at a labour festival in Toronto, Canada on July 22, 1882. Returning to the United States, McGuire and the Knights of Labor organised a similar parade based on the Canadian event on September 5, 1882 in New York City, USA. On July 23, 1894, Canadian Prime Minister John Thompson and his government made Labour Day, to be held in September, an official holiday. In the United States, the New York parade became an annual event that year, and in 1894 was adopted by American president Grover Cleveland to compete with International Workers' Day (May Day).
While Labour Day parades and picnics are organised by unions, many Canadians regard Labour Day as the Monday of the last long weekend of summer. Non-union celebrations include picnics, fireworks displays, water activities, and public art events. Since the new school year generally starts right after Labour Day, families with school-age children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of summer.
An old custom prohibits the wearing of white after Labour Day. The explanations for this tradition range from the fact that white clothes are worse protection against cold weather in the winter to the fact that the rule was intended as a status symbol for new members of the middle class in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
A Labour Day tradition in Atlantic Canada would be the Wharf Rat Rally, while the rest of Canada is watching Labour Day Classic, Canadian Football League event where rivals like Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos, Hamilton Tiger-Cats and Toronto Argonauts, and Saskatchewan Roughriders and Winnipeg Blue Bombers play on Labour Day weekend. Before the demise of the Ottawa Renegades after the 2005 season, that team played the nearby Montreal Alouettes on Labour Day weekend. Since then, the Alouettes have played the remaining team in the league, the BC Lions.
Labour Day parade in Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland started in 1910 and still continues today, 100 years later. The celebrations go on for three days with the parade on Labour Day Monday.
Worlds Most Unique Golf Courses
Golfing holidays have become increasingly popular over the past decade and are a perfect way to unwind and catch a tan, and unwind in your cheap hotels bar after being sorely embarrassed by your mulligan at the 9th. If you’re thinking of booking such a sporting vacation, you’ll be pleased to know that golf courses are popping up at a steady rate in pretty much every country you can name. However if you’re looking for something a little more unique, there are also a number of golf courses which are bizarre enough to become talking points in their own right, even before you’ve managed to buckle your first club.
To help you in your quest, here are just some of the world’s strangest golf courses and holes.
Brickyard Crossing Golf Course
Boasting a ridiculously vast seating capacity of 257,000+, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway is comfortably the world’s highest capacity sports facility on Earth and is host to a number of high profile racing events throughout the year due to it’s world-famous 2.5 mile track. What many people fail to realise however, is that within the confines of said track sits four holes of Brickyard Crossing Golf Resort, an 18-hole course designed by Pete Dye which has itself been home to various golfing events over the years. The backstretch of the track separates the four-hole loop from the remaining 14 holes, and there’s even a water hazard within the track in the form of a lake.
Legend Golf And Safari
Should you choose to holiday in the vicinity of the 22,000 hectare Entabeni Safari Conservancy in South Africa, make an effort to play at least one round of golf at The Legend Golf Resort, surely one of the most beautiful courses yet to be created. If the surrounding scenery isn’t enough to guarantee your attendance, just take a look at the aptly named ‘Extreme 19th Hole’ in the photographs above and reconsider. The good news: it’s a par 3. The bad news: you need to jump in a helicopter to reach the tee, which is situated nearly half a kilometre above the green, near the tip of Hangslip mountain.
This is how it should be tackled:
The Movable Floating Green
When designer Scot Mills unveiled the stunning Coeur d’Alene Resort Golf Course in Idaho it was obvious that sooner or later his work would win an award, and Golf Digest soon presented it when naming the course top in the category ‘Beauty and Aesthetics’. But beautiful golf courses aren’t unique. What is unique though, is the course’s 14th hole, pictured above. This is, according to its owners, ‘the world’s only par 3 floating movable island green’ and due to its location is only reachable via its charming, dedicated Putter Boat shuttle.
Truly International Golf
There are couple of reasons to take a golfing vacation at the Green Zone Golf Club. First of all, due to the course being located in Lappi, Finland, it’s possible to play a round at any time during the day or night in golfing season, as the sun doesn’t go down for months. Couple this with the fact that 9 holes are in Finland, the other 9 in Sweden and you have the ability to play a round of golf in two countries at 2am whilst the sun is still shining. If that isn’t a unique golfing experience, I don’t know what is.
Coober Peddy Opel Fields
Coober Pedy is a small mining town in Southern Australia, famous due to the majority of its inhabitants living underground to avoid the unbearable heat which bears down on the area throughout the year. It’s a surprise there’s a golf course at all. However it’s not a surprise to learn that the golf course which does exist above ground in Coober Pedy is without a single blade of grass, golfers choosing instead to carry a patch of turf around the course from which to tee-off. Also, due to the aforementioned heat, the majority of the golfing takes place at night using glowing balls.
Some dusty golfing takes place at 1:43 in the following video.
The Longest Round
While you’re in Australia, why not have a quick round at Nullarbor Links? The 18 hole course only stretches 1,365 kilometres along the coast of South Australia after all. Officially the world’s longest golf course, Nullarbor Links opened in recent months to a flurry of disbelief, mainly due to the fact that the average distance between holes is a whopping 66 kilometres. In fact, two of the course’s holes are separated by approximately 200 kilometres of land, meaning you’ll need something more powerful than a Golf Cart to cover the 18 holes in anything less than a few weeks.
Although now not as bizarre following a redesign, special mention must go to the original layout of ‘Clashing Rocks’, the 7th hole at Stone Harbor Golf Club in New Jersey. The course’s designer, Desmond Muirhead, was asked to design 18 unique holes back in the late 1980s and whilst all were certainly interesting, none confused as many people as the 7th; a par-3 whose green sat alone in the water, flanked by two jagged bunkers supposedly inspired by Jason and the Argonauts. Unfortunately such a green proved problematic, hence its current modified appearance.
Glossary of Golf (FLOG)
The following is a glossary of the terminology used in the sport of golf. Where words in a sentence are also defined elsewhere in this article, they appear in italics.
the clubhouse bar.
When a player hits the ball directly from the tee into the hole with one stroke. Also called a hole in one.
The act of taking a stance and placing the clubhead behind the ball. If the ball moves once a player has addressed the ball, there is a one-stroke penalty.
A player who rarely hits the ball in a consistent line. One who sprays the ball.
Refers to a score made over more than one round of play, or by two or more players playing as partners.
Generally, the direction in which your target lies and the direction you intend for your ball to go.
an attempt to strike the ball where the player fails to make contact. Counted as a stroke. See also whiff.
A hole played three strokes under par. Also called a Double Eagle.
The position of a player's body relative to the target line of the ball.
in match play, a match is all square (tied) when both players or teams have won the same number of holes.
A system of team play whereby each player takes a tee shot, after which the most favourable ball position is chosen. All the team's players then take a shot from this new position, and so on. (Also known as a Texas Scramble)
Angle of approach
The angle at which the club head strikes the ball. This affects the trajectory the ball will travel and spin.
A shot intended to land the ball on the green.
The grass surface on the perimeter of the green that separates it from the surrounding fairway or rough. Also known as froghair, or fringe.
A class of membership of a golf club with restricted rights at a low cost. Historically, many British golf clubs had small artisan sections, drawn from the working classes. Typically artisan members had limited playing rights, could not enter the clubhouse, had no vote on the management of the club, played in separate competitions from the main membership and had to perform unpaid maintenance of the course. Often an artisan club was a separate organisation that had negotiated use of a course with a private members club. Some artisan organisations have survived to this day.
Attend (the flagstick)
When a player holds and removes the flagstick for another player.
Describing the golfer whose ball is farthest from the hole. The player who is away should always play first.
Any ball that lands off of the green yet still on an imaginary line passing through the flagstick. The ball can be any distance off of the green, out to infinity, as long as it is still located on the imaginary line. Thus a player can be pin high 50 yards wide right and still claim an Austin.
the last nine holes of an 18 hole golf course. Playing the back nine is called "heading in".
a reverse spin inevitably placed on any ball that becomes airborne. The spin causes the ball to climb and land softly on the green.
The backward part of the swing starting from the ground and going back behind the head.
a small sphere used in playing golf, which is intended to be struck by a club and travel in the general direction of the green for a particular hole, if one is playing on a regulation golf course.
a token or a small coin used to spot the ball's position on the green prior to lifting it.
a device found on many tees for cleaning golf balls.
A slice that curves to the right in the shape of a banana. An extreme slice.
When the ball lies directly on hard ground without any grass to buoy the ball up - ie where there is no grass creating a gap between ball and the ground. Applicable when practicing off hard mats.
A form of team play using two, three, or four person teams. The team score on each hole is the lowest score obtained by one of the team members. For example, if player A has a 5, player B has a 6, player C has a 4, and player D has a 5, the "best ball" and team score is a 4.
is the professional association in the United Kingdom dealing with all matters of golf management from a greenkeeper's viewpoint. For the U.S. equivalent, see GCSAA.
A hole played in one stroke under par.
A form of handicapping used in private matchplay games. The higher handicapped player is allowed to choose on which holes they receive their handicap allowance of "free shots". As this is a matter of negotiation between the players involved there are many variations in the number of shots allowed and when (before the start of the round, before playing a hole, during the play of a hole, after playing a hole) the claiming of "free shot" is allowed. Bisque matches are not recognised by the rules of golf.
heavy backspin applied to a ball that causes it to stop quickly instead of rolling when it lands. Depending on where the ball lands, the ball may roll backwards.
term used to describe one type of iron where the weight is distributed evenly across the back of the clubhead as opposed to mainly around the perimeter (see "cavity back"). Also, describes a shot struck "thinly" with the bottom of an iron striking high up on the golf ball, causing a low trajectory shot with a lack of control.
a bunker shot that sends the ball, and accompanying sand, (hopefully) onto the green. Also known as an "explosion".
a shot that does not allow the golfer to see where the ball will land, such as onto an elevated green from below.
a shot played severely to the right; as opposed to slices, which curve from left to right, a blocked shot goes directly right. Similar to the "push".
a hole played one stroke over par.
technically, the measure of the angle from the front edge of a club's sole to the point that rests on the ground when addressing the ball.
The tendency of a putted ball to roll left or right of a straight line. This deviation may be a result of a number of factors or combination of factors including uneven surface, grain of the grass, how firmly the putt is struck or, in extreme circumstances, wind. In the United Kingdom, it is also known as "borrow".
Playing consistently above your regular handicap or regularly failing to achieve in competition play. It is the opposite of sandbagging.
Bump and run
a low-trajectory shot that is intended to get the ball rolling along the fairway and up onto the green. Similar to a chip shot, but played from a greater distance.
A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. Also called a "sand trap". It is considered a hazard under the Rules of Golf.
A bunker next to or even in a green. See bunker.
A bunker located on or in the fairway. See bunker.
a short game played over the remaining holes when the main match finishes early because one player or team has won by a large margin. It serves the joint purpose of adding some competitive meaning to the rest of the holes and also for the losing side to attempt to regain some of the pride lost as a result of their humiliation in the main match. It is usual for the loser of the bye to buy the first drinks in the 19th hole afterwards. In this respect it is an almost direct equivalent to a beer match in cricket.
Caddy or Caddie
A person, often paid, who carries a player's clubs and offers advice. Players are responsible for the actions of their caddies. Players cannot receive advice from anyone other than their caddy or partner.
a wager, typically in support of one team to win a tournament. In a Calcutta golfers bid, auction style, on the team (or golfer) who they think will win the tournament (you can bid on your own team or yourself). All the money raised through the auction goes into an auction pool. At the end of the tournament, those who bet on the winning team (or golfer) that won the tournament receives a pre-determined payout from the auction pool.
how far the ball travels through the air. Contrasted with "run".
the four-wheeled electrical or gas-powered vehicle for use in transporting players and their equipment from hole to hole. Also, a hand-pulled (2-wheel) or hand-pushed (3-wheel) cart for carrying a bag of clubs, also available in powered versions controlled by remote.
any temporary standing water visible after a player has taken his stance. Snow and ice can also be taken as casual water, as well as water that overflows the banks of existing water hazards.
any iron whose design characteristic is such that the weight is distributed primarily around the outer edges of the clubhead in order to maximize forgiveness on off-center hits.
a short shot (typically played from very close to and around the green), that is intended to travel through the air over a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole.
A swing that results in the clubhead hitting the ground before the ball, resulting in a large chunk of ground being taken as a divot. Also called a "fat" shot, or "chili-dipping".
Budget brand golf clubs that look similar to, and emulate the characteristics of, more expensive clubs without breaching any patents.
when (in relation to the target-line) the clubface is angled toward the player's body, ie angled left for right-handed players.
when a player's front foot is set closer to the target-line. Used to draw the ball or to prevent a slice.
(i) An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf.
(ii) An organised group of golfers, usually owning or managing a golf course.
(iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc.
The part of a club that used to strike the ball.
The surface of the clubhead which is designed to strike the golf ball. Striking the ball with the center of the clubface maximizes distance and accuracy.
This is where play begins and ends. The clubhouse is also your source for information about local rules, the conditions of the course, upcoming events and other essential information for the avid golfer. Normally, you can also purchase balls, clubs, clothes, and other golfing equipment at the clubhouse.
a putt required after the previous putt went past the hole.
the measurement for expressing the hardness of a golf ball, normally 90 compression. Harder balls (100 compression) are intended for players with faster swings but may also be useful in windy conditions.
a four-under par shot; for example, a hole-in-one on a par 5. Might also be called "a triple eagle".
a designated area of land on which golf is played through a normal succession from hole #1 to the last hole.
Course rating is a numerical value given to each set of tees at a particular golf course to approximate the number of strokes it should take a scratch golfer to complete the course.
putting (and, occasionally, full-swing) grip in which the hands are placed in positions opposite that of the conventional grip. For right-handed golfers, a cross-handed grip would place the left hand below the right. Also known as the "left-hand low" grip, it has been known to help players combat the yips.
(i) the reduction in the size of the field during a multiple round stroke play tournament. The cut is usually set so that a fixed number of players, plus anyone tied for that place, or anyone within a certain number of strokes of the lead will participate in the subsequent round(s). Tournaments may have more than one cut.
(ii) a shot similar to a fade, a cut curves from left to right (for a right-handed player), but is generally higher in trajectory.
TV-broadcaster slang for a shot in which there is no favorable outcome possible. Variations include "Get the body bags!" A favorite of Gary McCord.
The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight. Dimples, by reducing drag, allow a golf ball to stay in the air for a longer flight than would be possible with a smooth ball.
(i) the chunk of grass and earth displaced during a stroke.
(ii) the indentation on the green caused by the ball on an approach shot; more properly called a pitch mark or ball mark.
scoring an 'eight' on any single golf hole. The origin of the term is in reference to what the number 'eight' looks like on its side.
a left or right bend in the fairway.
A defeat in matchplay by the margin of 7&6. Named because the cost of a dog licence in the United Kingdom before decimalisation in 1971 was seven shillings and sixpence (written 7/6, 37½p in new money), commonly known as seven and six.
Dormie or Dormy
A situation in match play when a player leads by as many holes as there are holes left to play. For example, 4 up with four holes to play is called "dormie 4".
a hole played two strokes over par.
a shot whereby a player intends for a fade and hits a hook, or conversely, intends to play a draw and hits a slice. So called because the player has aimed left (in the case of a slice) and compounds this with hitting a hook, which moves left as well.
A hole played three strokes under par. Also called an Albatross.
The motion of swinging a club from the top of the swing to the point of impact.
A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves to the left; often played intentionally by skilled golfers. An overdone draw usually becomes a hook.
The first shot of each hole, made from an area called the tee box (see definition below), usually done with a driver (a type of golf club).
A severe low hook that barely gets airborne.
A hole played in two strokes under par.
Having a score equal to that of par.
A bunker shot that sends the ball, and accompanying sand, (hopefully) onto the green. Also known as a "blast".
A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves slightly to the right, and is often played intentionally by skilled golfers. An overdone fade will appear similar to a slice.
The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball
Fairway hit (FH)
A fairway is considered hit if any part of the ball is touching the fairway surface after the tee shot on a par 4 or 5. Percentage of fairways hit is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour.
Fairway markers indicate the distance from the marker to the center of the green. Some fairway markers give the yardage. Most are color-coded as follows: yellow=250 yards, blue=200 yards, white=150 yards, red=100 yards. These colors are not standardized and may vary based on the specific course layout.
A stroke in which the club makes contact with the turf long before the ball resulting in a poor contact and significant loss of distance.
A tall marker, often a metal pole with a flag at the top, used to indicate the position of the hole on a green. Also called the "pin". An additional smaller flag, or other marker, is sometimes positioned on the flagstick to indicate the location of the hole (front, middle, or back) on the green.
a type of lie where the ball is in the rough and grass is likely to become trapped between the ball and the clubface at the moment of impact. Flier lies often result in "flier shots", which have little or no spin (due to the blades of grass blocking the grooves on the clubface) and travel much farther than intended.
a short shot, played with an open stance and an open clubface, designed to travel very high in the air and land softly on the green. The flop shot is useful when players do not have "much green to work with", but should only be attempted on the best of lies. Phil Mickelson is a master of the flop shot.
A warning shout given when there is a chance that the ball may hit other players or spectators.
In matchplay, a contest between two sides, each consisting of a pair of players, where every individual plays his own ball throughout. On every hole, the lower of the two partner's scores is matched against the lower of the opposition's scores. (Fourballs are the opening matches played on the Friday and Saturday mornings of the Ryder Cup.) In strokeplay, a fourball competition is played between several teams each consisting of 2 players, where for every hole the lower of the two partner's scores counts toward the team's 18 hole total. The term ‘fourball’ is often used informally to describe any group of 4 players on the course.
In matchplay, a contest between two sides each consisting of a pair of players, where the 2 partners hit alternate shots on one ball. The first player tees off, the second player hits the second shot, the first player hits the third shot, and so on until the ball is holed. Also partners alternate their tee shots, so that one member of each team will always tee-off on the odd holes and the other will tee off on the even holes. (Foursomes are the afternoon matches played on the Friday and Saturday of the Ryder Cup). In strokeplay, a foursome competition is played between several teams each consisting of a pair of players, where partners play alternate shots until the SINGLE ball is holed. The term ‘foursome’ is often incorrectly used to describe any group of 4 players on the course.
The closely mown area surrounding the green. The grass in between the green and the fairway.
Holes 1 through 9 on a golf course.
Terms used during a game to describe various achievements, both positive and negative. They differ from traditional expressions such a birdie, eagle, etc. in that they do not necessarily refer to strict scores, but to unusual events which may happen in the course of a game. Their main use is to add interest to informal matchplay games as they enable players to win something regardless of the overall outcome of the match. They are frequently associated with gambling because money, usually small stakes, changes hands depending on which funnies occur.
The American professional association for golf course superintendents. Analogous to BIGGA in the United Kingdom.
Refers to a putt that the other players agree can count automatically without actually being played (under the tacit assumption that the putt would not have been missed). "Gimmes" are not allowed by the rules in stroke play, but they are often practiced in casual matches. However, in match play, either player may formally concede a stroke, a hole, or the entire match at any time, and this may not be refused or withdrawn. A player in match play will generally concede a tap-in or other short putt by his or her opponent.
when the ball strikes a tree deep in the rough and bounces out onto the fairway.
(i) An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. (ii) An organised group of golfers, usually owning or managing a golf course. (iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc.
the direction in which grass grows, specifically on the green (see below). Depending on the variety of grass used on the green and mowing patterns, grain can be a significant influence on the speed and movement of a putt.
the area of specially prepared grass around the hole, where putts are played.
is a variation of foursomes, where each side consists of 2 players. Both players play one tee-shot each from every tee. A choice is then made as to which is the more favourable of the 2 ball positions, the other ball being picked up. Thereafter the players play alternate shots. So if A's tee-shot is selected, the playing order from the tee will be A-B-A-B etc until the ball is holed out. If player B's tee-shot is selected, the playing order will be B-A-B-A etc. The team with the lowest score wins the hole.
Green in regulation (GIR)
a green is considered hit "in regulation" if any part of the ball is touching the putting surface and the number of strokes taken is at least two fewer than par (i.e., by the first stroke on a par 3, the second stroke on a par 4, or the third stroke on a par 5). Greens in regulation percentage is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour.
Grounding the club
to place the clubface behind the ball on the ground at address. Grounding the club is prohibited in bunkers or when playing from any marked hazard.
Ground under repair (GUR)
An area of the golf course that is being repaired. A free drop is allowed if the ball lands in an area marked "GUR".
the crevices on the face of a club that are designed to impart spin on the ball.
Term used to describe holing out from a greenside bunker.
When both players in a match agree to concede each other's putts.
an unskilled golfer.
In match play, a hole is halved (or tied) when both players or teams have played the same number of strokes. In some team events, such as the Ryder Cup and Presidents Cup (except for singles matches in the latter competition while its overall outcome remains in doubt), a match that is tied after 18 holes is not continued, and is called "halved", with each team receiving half a point.
A number assigned to each player based on his ability and used to adjust each player's score to provide equality among the players. In simplified terms, a handicap number, based on the slope of a course, is subtracted from the player's gross score and gives him a net score of par or better half the time.
a term used to describe a player with too much wrist movement in their putting stroke causing inconsistent putts.
Hard, usually bare, ground conditions.
any bunker or permanent water including any ground marked as part of that water hazard. Special rules apply when playing from a hazard.
A circular hole in the ground which is also called "the cup", 4.25 inches in diameter.
Hole in one
Getting the ball directly from the tee into the hole with one stroke.
Hole in one insurance
Since it is customary to purchase a round of drinks after achieving a hole in one, insurance is available to cover the cost.
when unintentional is a poor shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves sharply to the left (may occasionally be played intentionally but is difficult to control). Hooks are often called the "better player's miss", thanks to the fact that many of the game's greatest players (Ben Hogan, for instance) have been plagued by the hook at one time or another in their careers. A shot that follows the same direction but to a lesser degree is referred to as a 'draw' and is often intentional. The curved shape of the flight of the ball is a result of sideways spin. For that reason "hook" does not refer to a putt which "breaks".
The crooked area where the clubhead connects to the shaft. Hitting the ball off the hosel is known as a shank.
grip style where (for right-handed players) the pinkie finger of the right hand is hooked around the index finger of the left.
The back nine holes of a golf course, so named because older links courses were designed to come back "in" toward the clubhouse after going "out" on the front nine.
a club with a flat-faced solid metal head generally numbered from 1 to 9 indicating increasing loft.
A type of shot designed to have a very low trajectory, usually employed to combat strong winds.
A jumper created by the art of knitting. As worn by most golfers.
(i) A long putt designed to simply get the ball close to the hole.
(ii) During the downswing, how far the clubhead "lags" behind the hands prior to release.
A stroke played with a shorter range club than is possible in order to position the ball in a certain spot. This may be done to ensure a more comfortable next stroke or to avoid a hazard.
(i) How the ball is resting on on the ground, which may add to the difficulty of the next stroke.
(ii) The angle between the center of the shaft and the solesole of the clubhead.
The path the ball it expected to take following a stroke. This is of particular importance on the green, where stepping on another player's line is considered a breach of etiquette.
A type of golf course, usually along a stretch of coastline,
the angle between the club's shaft and the club's face.
A small natural item which is not fixed or growing, solidly embedded, or stuck to the ball, such as a small stone or leaf. Unless found within a hazard players are generally permitted to move them away, but if the ball is moved while doing so, there is a one-stroke penalty.
Term used for a 6/7 iron in the early 1900s.
a form of golf play where players or teams compete against each other on a hole-by-hole basis.
style of scoring in which the player with the fewest strokes wins. Most professional tournaments are medal play. Also known as "stroke play".
any favorable bounce of the golf ball that improves what initially appeared to be an errant shot.
A mis-read is to incorrectly discern the correct line of a putt.
A do-over, or replay of the shot, without counting the shot as a stroke and without assessing any penalties that might apply. It is not allowed by the rules and not practiced in tournaments, but is common in casual rounds in some countries, especially the United States.
a type of bet between golfers that is essentially three separate bets. Money is wagered on the best score in the front 9, back 9, and total 18 holes.
A club which is highest in the "iron" family. Used for short distance shots.
When (in relation to the target line) the clubface is angled away from the player's body, ie angled right for right-handed players.
When a player's front foot is drawn backwards further from the target line. Used to fade the ball or to prevent a hook.
The single hole score of -5, or five under par. The only way this can occur is with a hole-in-one on a par 6. This score has never been achieved and it is unlikely that it ever will considering the dramatic length and rarity of par 6's. See Par (score).
Is any agent not part of the match or, in stroke play, not part of the competitor's side. Referees, markers, observers, and forecaddies are outside agents. Wind and water are not outside agents.
refers to the first nine holes, so named as links golf courses were set up where the first nine holes went "out" away from the clubhouse.
the area designated as being outside the boundaries of the course. When a shot lands "O.B.", the player "loses stroke and distance", meaning that he/she must hit another shot from the original spot and is assessed a one-stroke penalty. Out-of-bounds areas are usually indicated by white posts.
See Vardon grip
the speed at which a putt must be struck to get to the hole. Pace and break are the two components of green-reading.
(apocryphally an abbreviation for "professional average result"), standard score for a hole (defined by its length) or a course (sum of all the holes' pars).
any Professional Golfers' Association, especially the Professional Golfers' Association of America.
Slang for "flagstick".
Refers to a ball on the green that is positioned along an imaginary horizontal line through the hole and across the width of the green.
a short shot (typically from within 50 yards), usually played with a higher lofted club and made using a less than full swing, that is intended to flight the ball toward a target (usually the hole) with greater accuracy than a full iron shot.
another term for a divot on the green caused when a ball lands. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with a tee or a divot tool.
Permission granted by a slow-moving group of players to a faster-moving group of players to pass them on the course.
a bad lie where the ball is at least half-buried. Also known as a "buried lie" or in a bunker a "fried egg".
a lie where the ball is on the lip of a lake or other water hazard.
a golf handicap less than zero. A 'plus' handicap golfer must add his handicap to his score.
a poor tee shot where the top of the clubhead strikes under the ball, causing it to go straight up in the air. In addition to being bad shots, pop-ups frequently leave white scuff-marks on the top of the clubhead, or dents in persimmon clubs. Also known as "sky shots".
is the steps an experienced player goes through to get ready for his or her shot. It usually involves taking practice swings and visualizing the intended shot.
a professional is a golfer or person who plays or teaches golf for financial reward, may work as a touring pro in professional competitions, or as a teaching pro (also called a club pro).
a poor shot played severely to the left; as opposed to hooks, which curve from right to left, a pulled shot goes directly left.
a shot played with a very low trajectory, usually to avoid interference from tree branches when a player is hitting from the woods. Similar to the knock-down, it can also be used to avoid high winds.
a shot played severely to the right; as opposed to slices, which curve from left to right, a pushed shot goes directly right. Similar to the "block". Also, term used in match play where neither competitor wins the hole.
a shot played on the green, usually with a putter.
a green usually found close to the club house used for warm up and to practice putting.
a special golf club with a very low loft that makes the ball roll.
"Qualifying School", a term used for the qualifying tournament on several major professional tours, such as the PGA Tour, European Tour, or LPGA Tour. Q-School is a multi-stage tournament (four for the PGA Tour, three for the European Tour, two for the LPGA) that culminates in a week-long tournament in which a specified number of top finishers (25 plus ties in the PGA Tour, 30 plus ties in the European Tour, and exactly 20 in the LPGA) earn their "Tour Cards", qualifying them for the following year's tour. The final tournament is six rounds (108 holes) for men and five rounds (90 holes) for women.
a measuring device used to determine one's relative distance to an object. In golf, they are most commonly used to find out how far a player is from the hole.
the point in the downswing at which the wrists uncock. A late release (creating "lag") is one of the keys to a powerful swing.
the grass that borders the fairway, usually taller and coarser than the fairway.
Rub of the Green
occurs when the ball is deflected or stopped by a third party/object, e.g. if a ball is going out of bounds and is deflected in bounds by hitting a spectator or a tree.
a small headed niblick for hitting the ball from a cart track.
a golfer that carries a higher official handicap than his skills indicate, eg, carries an eight, plays to a two. Sandbaggers usually artificially inflate their handicaps with the intent of winning bets on the course, a practice that most golfers consider cheating. Also known as a bandit.
when a player gets up and down from a greenside sand bunker, regardless of score on the hole. Sand save percentage is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour.
a lofted club designed especially for playing out of a bunker. The modern sand wedge was invented by Gene Sarazen.
Sandy (or Sandie)
a score of par or better that includes a bunker shot. Sandies are counted as points in some social golf games. See Funnies.
In scotch foursomes teams of 2 players compete against each other. Players alternate hitting the same ball. The first player tees off, the second player hits the second shot, the first player hits the third shot, and so on until the ball is holed. To this point, the definition of ‘scotch foursomes’ is the same as that of ordinary ‘foursomes’; however, players do not alternate hitting tee shots as they would in foursomes. If Player A teed off on the first hole and Player B holed the final putt, Player B would not tee off at the second, meaning that Player A could, in theory, play every tee shot on the round. The team with the lowest score wins the hole.
when a player misses the green in regulation, but still makes par or better on a hole. Scrambling percentage is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour. Also a two or four man format, similar to Best Ball, except in a scramble, each player strikes a shot, the best shot is selected, then all players play from that selected position.
a player's whose handicap equals zero.
a format, similar to a scramble, where every player hits from the tee, the best tee-shot is selected, and each player holes-out from the selected tee-shot.
a horrible shot in which the golf ball is struck by the hosel of the club. On a shank, a player has managed to strike the ball with a part of the club other than the clubface. A shanked shot will scoot a short distance, often out to the right, or might be severely sliced or hooked.
a condition in which a golfer suddenly cannot stop shanking the ball; novice and experienced golfers can be affected.
a severe hook, named because it resembles the shape of a shrimp.
Shooting your age
A round of 18 holes where a given player has a score equal to, or less than, a player's age. For example, an eighty-year-old man who scores an 80 has shot his age.
Shoot your (my) temperature
usually an uncomplimentary term meaning to shoot a score of 98.
Shots that take place on or near the green. Putting, chipping, pitching, and greenside bunker play are all aspects of the short game.
a skins game pits players in a type of match play in which each hole has a set value (usually in money or points). The player who wins the hole is said to win the "skin", and whatever that skin is worth. Skins games may be more dramatic than standard match play if it is agreed by the players that holes are not halved. Then, when any two players tie on a given hole, the value of that hole is carried over and added to the value of the following hole. The more ties, the greater the value of the skin and the bigger the eventual payoff.
a poor shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves sharply from the left to the right. A shot that follows the same direction but to a lesser degree is referred to as a [#Fade|fade]] or a cut and is often intentional. The curved shape of the flight of the ball is a result of sideways spin. For that reason "slice" does not refer to a putt which "breaks".
Slope Rating is a number, from 55 to 155, used to determine the level of difficulty of a golf course for a bogey golfer. An "average" course has a slope rating of 113.
a severe hook that usually goes directly left as well as curving from right to left. Also known by the somewhat redundant term "Pull-Hook".
To score an eight on a hole. So-named because an eight (8) looks similar to the body of a snowman.
Telling the ball to drop softly, and not roll after landing.
An organised group of golfers, usually not affiliated to any individual golf course. Members are often drawn from the same workplace, profession, alma mater or other association.
Move your marker when in the way of another persons line of putt.
a term used to describe the pace of a putt. Proper 'speed' of a putt will either hole the putt or leave it about 18 inches beyond the cup.
play badly, Scottish term.
To hit the ball with a grossly inconsistent direction compared with the intended target in a seemingly random manner.
A points based scoring system. The number of strokes taken on each hole relative to par translates into a set number of points, with the winner being the player who accumulates the highest number of points.
A device used to measure the speed of putting greens.
see Medal Play
To block another player's putting path to the hole with one's own ball. Now an anachronism since the rules of golf permit marking the spot of the ball on the green, thus allowing the other player to putt into the hole without obstruction.
The location on the clubface where the optimal ball-striking results are achieved. The closer the ball is struck to he sweet-spot, the higher the Power transfer ratio will be.
The movement a golf player makes with his/her club to hit the ball. A golf swing is made up of a series of complex mechanical body movements. A perfect golf swing is regarded as the "holy grail" of the sport, and there are many approaches as to how to achieve "perfection".
a ball that has come to rest very close to the hole, leaving only a very short putt to be played. Often recreational golfers will "concede" tap-ins to each other to save time.
the straight line from the ball to its intended target, also extended backward past the golfer's rear foot.
A small peg, usually made of wood or plastic, placed in the ground upon which the golf ball may be placed prior to the first stroke on a hole. May also refer to the teeing ground.
The area from which you hit your drive or tee shot. The teeing ground for a particular set of tees is two club lengths in depth. The ball must be teed between the markers, called tees, that define the teeing ground's width, and no further back than its depth. Tees are colored, but there is no standard for colors. The "teeing ground" refers to one set of tees. Most courses have at least three sets of tees, some have more than twice that many. The areas where tee markers are placed are called "tee boxes".
the smooth change of the speed of a player's swing from first movement to ball strike.
Ten finger grip
grip style with all ten fingers on the club. Also known as the Baseball grip.
a poor shot where the clubhead strikes too high on the ball. When taken to an extreme but still at or below the centerline of the ball it is known "blading" the ball.
When putting, the imaginary path that a ball would travel on should the putted ball go past the hole. Usually observed by PGA players and knowledgeable golfers when retrieving or marking a ball around the hole.
Through the green
The entire area of the golf course, except for the teeing ground of the hole being played, the green of the hole being played and all hazards on the course.
The championship tees on a golf course are known as "the tips".
an errant shot where the clubhead strikes on top of the ball, causing the ball to roll or bounce rather than fly.
A bad shot that has hit the trees' leaves and/or the branches and has resulted in negative situations, such as going out of bounds or into a hazard, or leaving the ball much shorter than its target.
Three consecutive birdies during one round of golf.
A player can declare his ball unplayable at any time when it is in play (other than at a tee), and can drop the ball either within two club-lengths, or further from the hole in line with the hole and its current position, or where he played his last shot. A penalty of one stroke is applied. A ball declared unplayable within a hazard must be dropped within that hazard.
Up and down
Describes the situation where a player holes the ball in two strokes starting from off the green. The first stroke, usually a "pitch", a "bunker shot" or a "chip", gets the ball 'up' onto the green, and the subsequent putt gets the ball 'down' into the hole. A variation is called "up and in".
A common grip style in which (for right-handed players) the right pinkie finger rests on top of the left index finger. Also known as the "overlapping grip", it is named for Harry Vardon, a champion golfer of the early 20th century.
A possible occurrence in match play when a player converts a lead into a victory without passing through dormie, a guaranteed minimum of a tie at the end of regulation play. For example, converting an 8-hole lead with nine to play into a 9-hole lead with eight to play, or converting a 1-hole lead with two to play into a 2-hole lead with one to play.
A type of golf club; a subset of iron designed for short range strokes.
An attempt to strike the ball where the player fails to make contact with the ball. A whiff must be counted as a stroke.
A type of club where the head is generally bulbous in shape except for the clubface. Named because the head was originally made of wood, although almost all are now metal.
A shot that is hit low and hard
a tendency to twitch during the putting stroke. Some top golfers have had their careers greatly affected or even destroyed by the yips; prominent golfers who battled with the yips for much of their careers include Sam Snead, Ben Hogan, and, more recently, Bernhard Langer.
A ball hit high and hard.
Jim Furyk wins The Tour Championship, FedEx Cup - What Would You Do If Money Was No Object
Jim Furyk had an $11.35 million day Sunday as he took The Tour Championship in Atlanta, giving him a $10 million bonus for winning the FedEx Cup.
ATLANTA — On a wet, dark and difficult Sunday, it all came down to making a par at the last hole. A mere par, from the deep greenside bunker at East Lake Golf Club, and Jim Furyk would win it all — The Tour Championship, the FedEx Cup, all the money, his career-best third PGA Tour title of the year and, perhaps, the player-of-the-year award.
If ever there was a task that matched the man, this was it: a tough, blue-collar day at The Tour Championship, with rain falling and grips slipping and throats tightening and players faltering. And there was Furyk, having stoically fought the elements all day, a man who was disqualified from the first playoff event for missing his pro-am starting time because an alarm didn't go off. He was standing on wet sand with a 60-degree wedge and needed to get up and down to win $11.35 million.
That was what he did. With slightly more than 18 yards to the hole, Furyk's shot from the sand came out low and spinning. It bounced twice, grabbed the wet green and skidded to a stop 2 ½ feet past the hole, leaving him a tap-in the 40-year-old would call "just about dummy proof."
A soaked Furyk, his cap spun backward, brushed in the putt and let out two whoops.
Furyk's par round of 70, anything but easy, gave him a total of 8-under-par 272 and a one-stroke victory over Luke Donald, who also shot a 70. Furyk got $1.35 million for winning the tournament and a $10 million bonus for clinching the FedEx Cup.
Donald, who holed a 100-foot birdie pitch at the 17th hole to give himself a chance, couldn't sink a 48-foot birdie putt on No. 18.
Ryan Moore (69) of Puyallup tied for ninth and was 21st in FedEx Cup points, a combination worth a total of $428,125.
What Would You Do?
Imagine you are Jim Furyk and just won 11 million, or better yet you are Tiger Woods and you were independently wealthy and did not have to work to support yourself and your family, what would you do with your life? How would you spend your time?
For those of us who don't know what we want to do in life, who aren't sure whether we have a passion or a calling, the answer to this question might provide a clue. If money were no object what would you do?
I know my answer. I'd do all the things I do and enjoy now; I'd just do them more often. Spending time with my Girls (Wife and Two Daughters), Bass Fishing, Playing Golf, Collecting and Racing Slot Cars etc. I'd build a log house on the end of a lake in which I could create a sanctuary for myself and my family to enjoy. I would relish the opportunity to be able to focus more on my kids and to watch them grow up, become educated and independent and eventually have a loving spouse and a family of their own that I could call my grandchildren. I'd continue to watch my health and continue to try to get into better shape so that I am around long enough to enjoy the things I just described. One day I'd go back to university and continue my studies so that I continue to build the wisdom they say comes with age.
There's more of course. One can see all sorts of possibilities when money is not a worry or an issue. I'd probably want to find a place down south to escape the winter months and weather when I desired and to have a place to fish and play golf when Canada is frozen over. Travel a little more often. Visit the local humane society and adopt some pets. And find ways of contributing to the community. The philanthropic possibilities when you're filthy rich would be simply endless.
What would you do? Would you start a business of your own if there were no risk of financial failure? Would you move to Hawaii for a permanent surfing holiday? Maybe you would throw over your position as a high-powered executive to open a daycare for children. Or decide to travel around the world studying history and trekking through ruins.
If there were no limitations what would you do with yourself? How would you spend your days? Where would you find meaning in your life?
Maybe your answer would surprise you. Maybe you love what you're doing right now and couldn't imagine doing anything else. If so, you're lucky. You've found your 'thing', your calling already.
But for those of you who haven't, this kind of dreaming might give you a glimpse into the life you really want. Think big, think outrageous, think no bounds. How would you express your talents and gifts? What desires are at the very core of your being? What fond wish have you never dared reveal to anyone?
Something you may discover when you dream like this, and especially when you write it down and can review it in black and white, is that it's not all that outrageous after all.
It's OK to Dream!!